The territory of modern Kherson has been occupied for a long time. In 1737 on the place of present Kherson there was the Russian fortification Alexander-Shants that was constructed during the Russian-Turkish war in 1735-1739.
The city of Kherson has been based by the decree of Ekaterina the 2nd from the 18th of June 1778. The city was created to protect the Southern boundaries of the Russian Empire. The name to the city was given in honor of Ancient Greek, and later after the Byzantine colony Chersonese. The fact that the new city has appeared on the map is directly connected with the name of G.A.Potemkin, it was him who showed on Alexander-Shants - the small Russian fortification that was located 30 km higher above the mouth of the river Dnepr as at the place where the city must be based. G.A.Potyomkin considered Kherson as his child and had great plans about this city. According to the legend Potyomkin has found out here the gates that were saved since the ancient times with the Greek inscription on the gates: “From here we will go to Byzantium”. From a long time ago Russia was named the foster daughter of Byzantium, Moscow was considered as the third Rome as Tsargrad (Constantinople) was considered to be the second. So, it is not surprising that during Russian-Turkish wars in the political circles the idea of revival of Byzantium was born, it was known under the name "Greek project". The main idea of this plan was to liberate the Balkan countries from Osmanskyi dominion, to banish Constantinople from Turks and to create the new state formation "Byzantium,” that had to submit the Russian throne. The part of “Greek project” was the foundation of Kherson and Katerina the II on the council had to crown her grandson Konstantin to be on the Byzantine throne.
The Kherson region is located in the south of Ukraine, in the river basin of the river Dnepr, in the southwest it is washed by the Black Sea and in the southeast it is washed by the Azov Sea. The frontier that is 458 km goes through the territory of the city. On the frontier there are 4 check posts – the airport, river port, seaports of Kherson and Skadovsk.
The reserves "Askaniya-Nova" and Chernomorskyi are reserves of the national value. The modern city of Kherson is the center with the strong potential, with the developed industry and with the good transport and social infrastructure. The city represents the large industrial, agricultural and cultural center in the south of independent Ukraine with nice history and rich culture. Kherson is an important transport junction that connects the countries of Europe, the central and the western areas of Ukraine with the Crimea, the southern regions with Russia, Caucasus and Transcaucasia.
Also Kherson is at a crossroads of highways Rostov – Odessa – Simferopol, the Odessa Ukraine trunk-railway goes through the city, here works the sea port and the largest river ports on the river Dnepr, bus station and the airport that has the communications with Kiev , Moscow and Istanbul.
With the help of Kherson trading port Ukraine is connected with more than 40 countries of the world. Kherson is the largest industrial center, its main branches are: mechanical engineering (shipbuilding and ship repair), metal working, light and food industries, and also manufacture of industrial materials.
Kherson is the important scientific and educational center with various colleges, technical schools, schools, institutes and universities. Kherson is one of the most "green" cities of Ukraine. There are many city parks on its territory. Tourism is well developed in Kherson.